How Should I Incorporate My Business to CRA

When and How Should I Incorporate My Business to CRA?

Incorporation- A smart integration to obtain profit without individual responsibility

In this blog, we provide an in-depth analysis of incorporating a business with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). If you’re a business owner or aspiring entrepreneur, this guide is for you, covering key questions about business incorporation.

Understanding a Corporation

A corporation is a distinct legal entity, creating a new structure. While many envision boards of directors and multiple owners, the specifics vary. A corporation offers a structured framework for businesses, regardless of their size, allowing for the separation of business assets from personal assets. This legal distinction is crucial for limiting personal liability in case of business debts, legal issues, or other liabilities.

Why Does Business Incorporate

Why Does Business Incorporate?

There are three primary reasons:

1. Legal Sense: Limited Liability

Limited liability protection safeguards personal assets. Shareholders and owners are not personally liable for the company’s debts, even if the company lacks funds to cover them. This legal shield offers peace of mind and protects personal finances in case of lawsuits or financial difficulties.


Limited liability doesn’t mean you can act recklessly in business, but it does mean that your personal assets, such as your home or savings, are generally protected from business-related claims. This added security is especially attractive to entrepreneurs who want to safeguard their personal financial well-being.


A classic example highlighting the significance of limited liability is the Nortel Case, where the company faced massive debts and legal claims. Shareholders weren’t personally responsible for settling these obligations, even though the company didn’t have sufficient assets to cover them.

However, it’s important to note that professional corporations, such as those in the healthcare or legal fields, may not have the same level of limited liability protection. If the corporation faces a lawsuit or professional misconduct claim, the owners can be held equally responsible for any losses.

2. Business Sense

Incorporation lends professionalism to your business and presents it favorably within the industry. It can also have practical advantages, which include:

  • Business Credibility: An incorporated business often appears more credible to clients, partners, and investors. It signifies a commitment to long-term operations and a structured, professional approach to business.
  • Future Planning: If you envision selling your business in the future, incorporating it can make the transition smoother. It can also enhance the value of your business, making it a more attractive prospect for potential buyers.
  • Title and Branding: Incorporation allows you to use titles like CEO, Director, or President, which can enhance your business’s marketability. Additionally, securing your company name legally is crucial, especially if you plan to register trademarks and patents.
  • Logistical Separation: If you have various personal and business activities, incorporating can create a clear separation between your personal and business affairs. This can be particularly advantageous for tax and liability purposes.
  • International Operations: If your business is expanding into international markets, incorporating can simplify the logistics and taxation aspects of operating abroad.

3. Tax Sense

Corporate tax rates in Canada are significantly lower than personal tax rates. Incorporating can reduce your business tax rate considerably, making it a tax-savvy choice when your net income exceeds $45,000. As your business grows, the tax benefits of incorporation become increasingly advantageous, allowing you to reinvest more of your profits back into your company’s growth.

The personal tax rate can reach as high as 53.5%, while incorporating your business can potentially lower your tax rate to as low as 12.2% in Ontario, Canada. This significant tax advantage can result in substantial savings and increased financial flexibility.

From a tax perspective, you should consider incorporating your business when your net income surpasses $45,000. Having a corporation at this income level is beneficial due to the potential tax advantages it offers. Additionally, a corporation can effectively manage and reinvest any additional profits, contributing to your business’s growth and success.

However, if your business is currently experiencing losses, it may be more advantageous to operate as a sole proprietorship. This way, the losses can reduce your taxable income and result in tax refunds, providing a financial cushion during challenging periods.

If any of the above-mentioned factors are relevant to your case, you should consider incorporating your business. Before making a quick decision, it’s advisable to consult with experts at BG Accounting and Business Solutions for the best advice tailored to your specific business goals and circumstances.

When to Incorporate Your Business

The timing of incorporation is crucial, and it’s not always advisable to incorporate immediately, considering the initial expenses involved in the process. The decision to incorporate should align with the financial status and growth trajectory of your business.


Incorporation may be most advantageous when your business begins to yield substantial returns. This often signals the right time for incorporation, as the benefits, such as limited liability protection, start right away. This added security is especially attractive when your business reaches a level of financial stability that makes the costs of incorporation more manageable.


It’s important to note that incorporation is not just a legal process but also a strategic business move. The decision to incorporate should be made with a clear understanding of the financial implications and potential advantages it offers.

How to Incorporate Your Business with the CRA

To incorporate your business with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA), you need to follow specific steps:

Step 1: Give Your Company a Name

Start with selecting a good and legally acceptable company name. Company names can fall into two categories: word names and numbered names. If you choose a word name, which is a combination of letters and symbols, you’ll need to conduct a NUANS search to ensure the name is unique and available. Alternatively, you can opt for a numbered name, such as “12345678Canada Inc.” or “9876543 Ontario Corp.”

Step 2: Submit Articles of Incorporation

This step involves defining the structure of your corporation. Standard incorporation is often the best choice for small businesses. However, you also have the option to choose from predefined articles for your business structure and make amendments as your business evolves.

Step 3: Register the Office Address and Personnel

Once you’ve incorporated, you’ll need to establish a physical address for your corporation, where it will conduct its business activities. Having a registered office address is essential for receiving and sending legal documents under the correct business name, ensuring compliance with CRA regulations. Additionally, you must finalize the panel of the board of directors of the corporation, which plays a critical role in the governance of the business.

Step 4: Fee Submission

Fees for Federal and Provincial incorporations can vary depending on the specific province. When making your decision, it’s advisable to consult with experts who can provide guidance on considering factors such as your personal income, marital status, and business goals. These factors can significantly influence your choice of incorporation and the associated financial and tax implications.


Incorporating your business is a strategic decision, offering essential protection for your personal assets and significant tax advantages. It positions your business for long-term success, allowing you to focus on what you do best: growing your enterprise and reaping the rewards of your hard work.


By incorporating your business, you’re not only ensuring its longevity and growth but also taking a crucial step toward financial security and prosperity